Category Archives: Depression

Early to Rise? Ordinary and Happy. Late-to-Bed-Late-to-Rise? Intelligent and Depressed.

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According to the University of Madrid and the London School of Economics, those who wake up early have more time just to mediocrity. Those who sleep later and wake up later are generally smarter.

Garfield

Those who sleep late and wake up late have better analytical thinking, conceptual and critical. Despite some exceptions, such as Thomas Edison and Ernest Hemingway, the morning people are generally good servants while night people are better at more intellectual, creative, scientific, and artistic work. Famous night owls: Charles Darwin, Winston Churchill, James Joyce, Marcel Proust, Keith Richards, Elvis Presley.

In the study of Madrid, 32% are night owls and 25% are morning larks, the rest do not fit into any category. Some scientists say that night people have superior intelligence due to the recent evolution of human behavior with activities after the sunset since the introduction of artificial lighting that attracts people with mind more curious, restless and inquisitive.

The University of Toronto, however, shows that morning types are happier – which is consistent with minds less curious and inquisitive. Another interesting fact is that the morning types feel healthier than night owls – plus more adjusted, since the expectations of the society are more organized around the time of a typically morning person. Another explanation for the greatest happiness of the morning type may be that the nocturnal type body clock comes with a kind of social jet-lag.

Another study, this one from the University of Rio Grande do Sul, shows that people with higher intelligence and nocturnal habits are three times more likely to develop depression.
Finally, these studies are in line with the popular quotes “what the eye doesn’t see, the heart doesn’t grieve over”, “do you want to be right or do you want to be happy?” among other quotes much more polemical and aggressive.

Everything that is really great and inspiring is created by the individual who can work in freedom” – Albert Einstein

Liberty is obedience to the law which one has laid down for oneself” – Jean Jacques Rosseau

Ignorance is the necessary condition of human happiness, and it has to be admitted that on the whole mankind observes that condition well. We are almost entirely ignorant of ourselves; absolutely of others. In ignorance, we find our bliss; in illusions, our happiness” – Anatole France

 

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Acorda cedo? Medíocre e feliz. Dorme tarde e acorda tarde? Inteligente e depressivo.

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De acordo com a Universidad de Madrid e a London School of Economics and Political Science, aqueles que acordam mais cedo tem mais tempo apenas para mediocridade. Aqueles que dormem mais tarde e acordam mais tarde são, geralmente, mais inteligentes.

Garfield

Os que dormem tarde e acordam tarde, além de mais inteligentes, possuem melhor raciocínio analítico, conceitual e crítico. Apesar de algumas exceções como Thomas Edison e Ernest Hemingway, as pessoas matutinas geralmente são bons servis enquanto as pessoas vespertinas são melhores em trabalhos mais intelectuais, criativos, científicos, artísticos. Alguns famosos notívagos: Charles Darwin, Winston Churchill, James Joyce, Marcel Proust, Keith Richards, Elvis Presley.

No estudo de Madrid, 32% são do tipo notívagos e 25% do tipo matutino, o restante não se encaixam em nenhuma categoria. Alguns cientistas dizem que os natívagos tem inteligência superior decorrente da evolução recente do comportamento humano com atividades após o pôr-do-sol com a introdução da iluminação artificial, que atraem pessoas com mente mais curiosa, inquieta e, inquisitiva. Por outro lado, os matutinos tendem a apresentar um sistema imunológico mais forte.

A University of Toronto, no entanto, mostra que os tipos matutinos são mais felizes – o que condiz com mentes menos curiosas, inquietas e, inquisitivas. Outro fato interessante é que os tipos matutinos se sentem mais saudáveis que os notívagos – além de mais ajustados, visto que as expectativas da sociedade em geral são mais organizadas em torno do horário de uma pessoa tipicamente matutina. Outra explicação para a maior felicidade dos matutinos pode estar no relógio biológico do notívago que vem com uma espécie de jet-lag social.

Outro estudo, esse da Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul, mostra que pessoas de maior inteligência e hábitos mais noturnos apresentam três vezes mais chances de desenvolverem um quadro depressivo. Enfim, esses estudos estão alinhados com os famosos ditos populares “o que os olhos não vêem o coração não sente”, “você quer ter razão ou quer ser feliz?”, entre outras bem mais polêmicas e agressivas.

Tudo que é realmente grande e inspirador é criado pelo indivíduo que pode trabalhar em liberdade”  – Albert Einstein

Liberdade é obediência às leis que a pessoa estabeleceu para si própria”  – Jean Jacques Rousseau

A ignorância é a condição necessária da felicidade dos homens, e é preciso reconhecer que as mais das vezes a satisfazem bem”  – Anatole France

Melancholia, the movie directed by Lars von Trier

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Melancholia, the movie with Kirsten Dunst

Melancholia, the movie with Kirsten Dunst

Lars von Trier is never pleasant but always relevant if not essential.

Penelope Cruz wanted to make a movie with Lars, and she told him that the sisters’ maids who killed their mistress in the play directed by Jean Genet fascinated her. But Lars told Penelope “I don’t do anything that is not born by me”. And this is the context of how the sisters Justine (Kirsten Dunst) and Claire (Charlotte Gainsbourg) were born in Lars world. Justine was supposed to be played by Penelope but she had to cancel, and Kirsten Dunst was “a pleasant surprise” and “a hell of an actress”, in Lars words. In the plot, a planet that was hidden behind the sun was discovered and it is moving towards to the Earth. Its name is Melancholia.

Like an opera, the movie is played in acts. The act I is Justine, and the act II is Claire. In the first act, Justine is trying to fit in the world and getting married. When the ritual of the celebration starts, she can’t cope no matter how wonderful is the groom (Alexander Skarsgård), and the depression gets her deeply. She tries to get help from the mother (Charlotte Rampling) who gave up the world long time ago and became bitter, and from the father (Jesper Christensen) who is clearly not a responsible father. But Claire, her sister, is there for her, and will always be. In the second act, the wedding is over as well as the marriage that never happened. Justine is in the bottom of her depression, and Claire is being her mother. As the Melancholia planet starts to move closer and they can see it with naked eyes, Justine starts to feel better since she has nothing to lose. But Claire does have lots to lose, and despite her manageable anxious personality, she does fit in the world and she does not want to die. She has a son, and wants him to grow old. Claire tries to believe in her scientist husband (Kiefer Sutherland) who assures her that Melancholia will pass by the Earth and it will be a fantastic spectacle. What she does not know is that he is storing supplies just in case.

In Melancholia, Justine is the character that is self-biographical, and it is probably not a coincidence that he chose the name Melancholia for his movie since in ancient Greek theories of health, there was an association of the state of melancholia with who is capable of greatness, and in other words, from the Aristotelian Problema XXX.1, the melancholic constitution is thought to lead to intellectual outstandingness.

 Melancholia, the movie directed by Lars von Trier.

Movie Set

Movie Set

Justine in depression

Justine in depression

The writer-director Lars von Trier

The writer-director Lars von Trier